Wearing shoes that are too tight? Not keeping your feet clean and moisturized? Keep it up and you’ll end up with foot calluses. They ain’t pretty, and can be downright maddening with pain. If it’s come to this already, let’s see if we can get to the bottom of it.
Identifying Foot Calluses
A callus is a hardening of the skin in response to the pressure placed on it. It’s obvious to see why they are common in the feet, as they absorb huge amounts of pressure.
People can get them on the heel and sides of the sole of their foot or on their toes (also called corns).
While getting a callus may be unsightly and a bit painful, it is actually quite normal since the skin is looking for a way to protect itself from this constant pressure. The skin begins to thicken diffusely on the surface. The problem comes when the thickening is too thick and it starts to become painful to the person.
As with a lot of common feet problems, wearing shoes that are too tight is a sure fire way to help calluses form. People with hammer toes can get them more easily because their toes will suffer more pressure. People with bony prominences or gait disturbances are also more susceptible.
Though not typically serious, the problem can worsen if some action is not taken. The continued pressure will increase the hardening of the skin and possibly make it more painful. It may come to the point where the body starts to react against this. It will begin to form an ulcer and become infected. Therefore, it is important to keep it from reaching this point. Those who really need to be careful of this happening are those with diseases like diabetes because they can form foot and leg infections more easily than others.
Treatment for Foot Calluses
The first thing that one needs to do is wear the most comfortable shoes that fit correctly. People also need to keep their feet clean along with adding emollients and lotions to keep their skin soft. One should also see a podiatrist where they can regularly manage it. They will assess to make sure it is not getting worse. If possible, people should pad the area that is thickened to reduce the pressure. One thing that helps are orthotics which can be given by the podiatrist. If it is bad enough, people may have surgery to remove a bony prominence. This is usually only if it is that severe.
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